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Valgus Knee(II)-Approach

Mar. 11, 2020

Valgus Knee(II)-Approach 


Both medial and lateral approaches are used during total knee arthroplasty of the valgus knee.

Valgus Knee(I)-Approach

Standard medial parapatellar approach includes insall anterior approach, subvastus approach, medvastus approach, which can correct most valgus deformities(Krakow I, II).

Valgus Knee(I)-Approach

Structures needed to be released in classic medial approach are the lateral collateral ligament(LCL), the iliotibial band(ITB) and the posterolateral capsule(PLC). Multiple stabs punctures ("pie crust" technique) is popular in relesing of ITB and PLC.

Valgus Knee(I)-Approach


A. The PLC can be releasd either in flexed knee from the distal part of the femur, by using a curved  osteotome; or in fully extended  knee  by fractionally lengthening with multiple stabs punctures.

B. In flexed knee, patellar tendon is retracted, lateral patellofemoral synovial ligament is severed, lateral structures such as 1TB insertion at Gerdy's tubercle´╝îcapsule and LCL are subperiosteally released in turn till posterolateral tibia.

Valgus Knee(I)-Approach